A new speculative execution flaw called Retbleed affects many AMD and Intel chips running any modern operating system.
Researchers have identified yet another speculative execution attack method against Intel processors.
Speculative execution enhanced microprocessor performance, but also made them more susceptible to side-channel attacks. The final fix won’t be via software updates.
Foreshadow/L1TF refer to a group of vulnerabilities that can be exploited in modern Intel chips using speculative execution attacks to bypass security protections and harvest sensitive information.
NetSpectre is not an immediate threat: no known malware exists in the wild. The research is important because it deepens our understanding of microprocessor architecture and ways speculative execution can be abused.