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Duo Single Sign-On for Cisco Umbrella (End Users)

Last Updated: February 27th, 2023

Add two-factor authentication and flexible security policies to Umbrella End User SAML 2.0 logins with Duo Single-Sign On. Our cloud-hosted SSO identity provider offers inline user enrollment, self-service device management, and support for a variety of authentication methods — such as passkeys and security keys, Duo Push, or Verified Duo Push — in the Universal Prompt.


As business applications move from on-premises to cloud hosted solutions, users experience password fatigue due to disparate logons for different applications. Single sign-on (SSO) technologies seek to unify identities across systems and reduce the number of different credentials a user has to remember or input to gain access to resources.

While SSO is convenient for users, it presents new security challenges. If a user's primary password is compromised, attackers may be able to gain access to multiple resources. In addition, as sensitive information makes its way to cloud-hosted services it is even more important to secure access by implementing two-factor authentication and zero-trust policies.

About Duo Single Sign-On

Duo Single Sign-On is our cloud-hosted SSO product which layers Duo's strong authentication and flexible policy engine on top of Cisco Umbrella (End Users) logins. Duo Single Sign-On acts as an identity provider (IdP), authenticating your users using existing on-premises Active Directory (AD) or another SSO IdP. Duo SSO prompts users for two-factor authentication and performs endpoint assessment and verification before permitting access to Cisco Umbrella (End Users).

Duo Single Sign-On is available in Duo Premier, Duo Advantage, and Duo Essentials plans, which also include the ability to define policies that enforce unique controls for each individual SSO application. For example, you can require that Salesforce users complete two-factor authentication at every login, but only once every seven days when accessing Cisco Umbrella (End Users). Duo checks the user, device, and network against an application's policy before allowing access to the application.

Configure Single Sign-On

Before configuring Cisco Umbrella (End Users) with Duo SSO using Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) 2.0 authentication you'll first need to enable Duo Single Sign-On for your Duo account and configure a working authentication source.

Once you have your SSO authentication source working, continue to the next step of creating the Cisco Umbrella (End Users) application in Duo.

Create the Cisco Umbrella (End Users) Application in Duo

  1. Log on to the Duo Admin Panel and navigate to Applications.

  2. Click Protect an Application and locate the entry for Cisco Umbrella (End Users) with a protection type of "2FA with SSO hosted by Duo (Single Sign-On)" in the applications list. Click Protect to the far-right to start configuring Cisco Umbrella (End Users). See Protecting Applications for more information about protecting applications in Duo and additional application options. You'll need the information on the Cisco Umbrella (End Users) page under Downloads later.

  3. Umbrella uses the Mail attribute, Username attribute, First name attribute, Last name attribute, and Display name attribute when authenticating. We've mapped the bridge attributes to Duo Single Sign-On supported authentication source attributes as follows:

    Bridge Attribute Active Directory SAML IdP
    <Email Address> mail Email
    <Username> sAMAccountName Username
    <First Name> givenName FirstName
    <Last Name> sn LastName
    <Display Name> displayName DisplayName

    If you are using non-standard attributes for your authentication source, check the Custom attributes box and enter the name of the attributes you wish to use instead.

    Custom Attributes for Cisco Umbrella (End Users)
  4. You can adjust additional settings for your new SAML application at this time — like changing the application's name from the default value, enabling self-service, or assigning a group policy.

  5. Keep the Duo Admin Panel tab open. You will come back to it later.

Duo Universal Prompt

The Duo Universal Prompt provides a simplified and accessible Duo login experience for web-based applications, offering a redesigned visual interface with security and usability enhancements.

Universal Prompt Traditional Prompt
 Duo Push in Universal Prompt  Duo Push in Traditional Prompt

We've already updated the Duo Cisco Umbrella (End Users) application hosted in Duo's service to support the Universal Prompt, so there's no action required on your part to update the application itself. If you created your Cisco Umbrella (End Users) application before March 2024, you can activate the Universal Prompt experience for users from the Duo Admin Panel. Cisco Umbrella (End Users) applications created after March 2024 have the Universal Prompt activated by default.

If you created your Cisco Umbrella (End Users) application before March 2024, it's a good idea to read the Universal Prompt Update Guide for more information, about the update process and the new login experience for users, before you activate the Universal Prompt for your application.

Activate Universal Prompt

Activation of the Universal Prompt is a per-application change. Activating it for one application does not change the login experience for your other Duo applications.

The "Universal Prompt" area of the application details page shows that this application is "Ready to activate", with these activation control options:

  • Show traditional prompt: Your users experience Duo's traditional prompt via redirect when logging in to this application.
  • Show new Universal Prompt: (Default) Your users experience the Universal Prompt via redirect when logging in to this application.

The application's Universal Prompt status shows "Activation complete" here and on the Universal Prompt Update Progress report.

Universal Prompt Info - Universal Prompt Activation Complete

Should you ever want to roll back to the traditional prompt, you can return to this setting and change it back to Show traditional prompt. However, this will still deliver the Duo prompt via redirect, not in an iframe. Keep in mind that support for the traditional Duo prompt ended for the majority of applications in March 2024.

Universal Update Progress

Click the See Update Progress link to view the Universal Prompt Update Progress report. This report shows the update availability and migration progress for all your Duo applications. You can also activate the new prompt experience for multiple supported applications from the report page instead of visiting the individual details pages for each application.

Enable Umbrella End User SSO

Add Duo Single Sign-On as a new single sign-on provider in Umbrella.

  1. Open a new tab in your browser and log on to your Umbrella dashboard.

  2. In the left menu sidebar, click Deployments and then click SAML Configuration under "Configuration".

  3. In the upper right corner of the page, click Add.

  4. Click Duo Security.

  5. Click Organization-specific Entity ID Enabled to enable the entity ID, and then click Next.

    Umbrella Entity ID Enabled
  6. Make sure XML File Upload is selected and click Next.

  7. Return to the Admin Panel and click Download XML next to the "IdP Metadata file" button on the Umbrella application's page in the Duo Admin Panel under Downloads to download the Duo Single Sign-On XML file.

  8. Return to your Umbrella dashboard and upload the IdP Metadata file and click Next.

    Umbrella IdP Metadata File Uploaded
  9. Make sure Daily is selected under "Re-authenticate Web Proxy Users". Click Save.

  10. In the "SAML Provider" section of the Umbrella "SAML User Configuration" page, locate your organization-specific Entity ID and copy just the unique value from the full Entity ID. For example, if your Entity ID is copy just the 9876543 portion of the Entity ID.

  11. Return to the Duo Admin Panel again and paste in the unique portion of the Umbrella Entity ID you copied into the Organization ID field. Scroll down and click Save.

  12. Return to the Umbrella dashboard. Click TEST CONFIGURATION on the "SAML User Configuration" page and follow the on-screen prompts to log in with Duo.

Learn more about Umbrella End User SSO at the Umbrella Help Center.

Using SSO

You can log on to Umbrella as an end user by navigating to your Umbrella End User SSO page e.g., Enter your password and click LOG IN to be redirected to Duo Single Sign-On to begin authentication.

Active Directory Login

With Active Directory as the Duo SSO authentication source, enter the primary username (email address) on the Duo SSO login page and click or tap Next.

Duo Single Sign-On Login

Enter the AD primary password and click or tap Log in to continue.

Duo Single Sign-On Password

Enable Duo Passwordless to log in to Duo SSO backed by Active Directory authentication without entering a password in the future.

SAML Login

With another SAML identity provider as the Duo SSO authentication source, Duo SSO immediately redirects the login attempt to that SAML IdP for primary authentication. Users do not see the Duo SSO primary login screen.

Duo Authentication

Successful verification of your primary credentials by Active Directory or a SAML IdP redirects back to Duo. Complete Duo two-factor authentication when prompted and then you'll return to Cisco Umbrella (End Users) to complete the login process.

Duo Universal Prompt

* Universal Prompt experience shown.

Congratulations! Your Cisco Umbrella (End Users) users now authenticate using Duo Single Sign-On.

See the full user login experience, including expired password reset (available for Active Directory authentication sources) in the Duo End User Guide for SSO.

Enable Remembered Devices

To minimize additional Duo two-factor prompts when switching between Cisco Umbrella (End Users) and your other Duo Single Sign-On SAML applications, be sure to apply a shared "Remembered Devices" policy to your SAML applications.


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